This is America’s first Gold Dollar, authorized by the Act of March 3, 1849, and first produced the same year. The classic Liberty Head was designed by James B. Longacre, chief engraver of the U.S. Mint, who also designed the famous Indian Head Cent. The reverse features a wreath encircling the denomination. The coin was minted in Philadelphia, San Francisco, New Orleans; Dahlonega, Georgia and Charlotte, North Carolina. The mint mark is below the wreath on the reverse. The Gold Dollar weighs 25.8 grains of .900 gold. This original Liberty Head Gold Dollar is known as the “Small Type” because its diameter measures only 13mm. Later coins were made thinner with a diameter of 15mm. This replica coin is minted of brass then layered with pure 24k gold.